Securing a farm is about knowing the risks of disease transmission and the ways in which flocks can be exposed to disease, and taking steps to minimize those risks. Prevention through biosecurity is the most cost-effective protection from animal diseases. Building or updating your biosecurity plan will involve reviewing your current practices, farm layout and facilities to identify where gaps in your disease prevention might occur in order to adopt practices that will reduce those risks.
As outlined in the previous section the information provided in the following sections is broken down into 2 main categories, referred to as Primary and Secondary Management Practices. There are six areas of focus listed under Primary Management Practices
- Farm Layout and Location – issues relating to isolation distances from other farms and the knowledge of the local area.
- Farm Access – signage, cleaning and disinfection (C&D) fencing.
- Flock Health Management – activities that are directly related to how the flock is managed including record keeping and sick bird protocols.
- Truck Traffic – essentially supplier protocols.
- Visitors – the management of non-essential traffic
- Carcass Disposal and Manure Management – addressing issues relating to deadstock and manure
There are four areas of focus listed under Secondary Management Practices
- Barn Layout – barn layout and the separation of clean and dirty areas.
- Pest Control – good housekeeping activities.
- Cleaning and Disinfection – relating to internal practices regarding bird and litter removal and barn C&D.
- Other Biosecurity Practices – issues around employee protocols, training and tool and equipment management.
You will find that these areas are used to categorize the practices and resource materials throughout the Guide, and will be used to help you work your way through the preparation of a plan.
The Guide also contains resource materials that will help you make decisions about what to include in your plan and how to carry it out.
When you are ready to review your current biosecurity plan, or to begin developing a plan for your farm, use the following steps:
- Complete the a farm map that is included in this document
- Complete the self-assessment checklist from the Excel template.
- Review the suggested high, medium and low priority areas for each of the sections
- Develop a biosecurity plan for these issues by preparing protocols for each of the “risk management practices” you select for your plan.
It is critical to recognize that enhancing a farm’s biosecurity protects both the producer’s economic interest and that of the BC poultry industry. Furthermore, it reduces the risk to public health that may result from certain poultry diseases.